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Recording Tutorial

Understanding Recording Signal Flow

  4.4   (13)  - log in to review
12 Videos | Length: 13min 20sec
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    Understanding Recording Signal Flow

    An introduction to “Understanding Recording Signal Flow,” which lays out the framework for the entire Foundation Series.

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    The Source

    While you can fix timing and add effects and EQ later in the process to improve a sound, it’s always best to get it right at the source before you push RECORD.

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    The Microphone

    Microphones vary in type and features and are used to record anything that makes a sound in the physical world including acoustic instruments, percussion, vocals, and more.

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    The Direct Box (DI)

    The DI acts as a bridge to the next step in the signal flow. It changes the unbalanced, high impedance output of an instrument to a balanced, low impedance signal preferred by professional studio gear.

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    The Microphone Preamp

    Before you can record a signal from a microphone or DI, it must first be sent through a Microphone Preamp, which is used to boost the gain to a proper recording level called “line level”.

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    Analog Processing Before Recording

    Certain analog processors and some kinds of plug-ins can be used during recording; it’s important to know how to use these tools to achieve the best results.

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    A to D & D to A Converters

    Before a signal can be digitally recorded, it has to be converted from analog to a digital format, then back again so we can hear it in the physical world.

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    Digital Audio Workstation Software

    The digital audio workstation, or DAW, is the basis for all modern recording. Inside the DAW, you can mix, edit, and process the recorded signals in many different ways.

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    Processing After Recording

    Optionally, audio from the DAW can be processed after it has been recorded and is a typical workflow when mixing.

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    Monitor Control

    Monitor control, whether it’s on a console or a freestanding unit, gives you the ability to control speaker loudness, source selection, and a monitor selection if you have more than one pair of speakers.

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    Speakers & Headphones

    The last stop in the signal chain, before you hear the results of your work, is with the speakers or headphones.

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    Signal Flow Recap

    This video provides a recap of recording signal flow.

Product Overview


A great sound starts with a quality signal chain. In this first installment of the Foundation Series, you will learn the basics of audio starting with the source, and then moving step by step down the line to the finished product.


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Understanding Recording Signal Flow is rated 4.4 out of 5 by 13 .
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Great intro do recording engineering Covers all the basics many courses fail to explain this simple.
Date published: 2021-06-06
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Explained a lot I'm a novice and this explained things I didn't even know I didn't know
Date published: 2021-05-08
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from If you are new to recording, start here. Essential basics explained clearly. This video is great for beginners. Don't skip over it. Start here.
Date published: 2021-02-06
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Very helpful This gives me a full concept about the workflow
Date published: 2020-10-14
Rated 4.0 out of 5 by from Hit the nail on the head ... A good starting point for anyone unfamiliar with the basics of recording ...
Date published: 2019-11-13
Rated 0.5 out of 5 by from Dissapointing Basic information at best. Very disappointed With this video as it offered no real assistance on signal flow. It continually promises to go into more depth in future videos but does not deliver. This is purely an introduction to a further series of videos.
Date published: 2019-03-28
Rated 2.5 out of 5 by from Very beginner This is more for somone doing a book report on recording. I hope they get more in-depth.
Date published: 2019-03-18
Rated 4.0 out of 5 by from Short and bite sized lesson on signal flow Good for beginners who want to know how signal flow works.
Date published: 2018-10-27
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Good and fast overview of some basics. Good and fast overview of some basics.
Date published: 2018-10-25
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Basic But Important information Awesome tutorial thank your
Date published: 2018-09-25
Rated 5.0 out of 5 by from Very Helpful Concise, respectful of your time and helpful
Date published: 2017-10-15
Rated 4.5 out of 5 by from Great Very clear and helpful videos
Date published: 2017-04-29
Rated 4.0 out of 5 by from Right to the point :) I liked this lesson because the topics had gotten right to the point. Now, I've previously read a couple of books from Berklee College of Music' which provided much more detail....but the videos were good. :)
Date published: 2016-06-30
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